Riconoscimento precoce

Immagine: SCNAT
Früherkennung (Immagine: SCNAT)

The earlier the better

“Foresight” concerns the identification of topics that will be decisive for science and society in the future.

For this purpose, the SCNAT maintains scientific monitoring systems, such as for Swiss glaciers, and a Platform for socially relevant topics (“Platform Science and Policy”). At the same time, the Academy also observes the development of new technologies in the scientific domain, as for example synthetic biology, with the analysis of possible opportunities and risks being in the foreground. For that reason, the SCNAT maintains the exchange among the various scientific disciplines, allowing it to make available a broad-based foundation for foresight.

  • Pubblicazioni

Factsheet «New plant breeding techniques for Swiss agriculture – significant potential, uncertain future»
  • 2016

Factsheet «New plant breeding techniques for Swiss agriculture – significant potential, uncertain future»

The genetic makeup of plants can be modified precisely by means of new breeding techniques. Typically, these changes could also occur naturally and, in the process, no genetic material that is unrelated to the species remains in the plant. The techniques significantly broaden the possibilities for plant breeding, thereby potentially helping to make Swiss agriculture more environmentally friendly, economically viable and ultimately more sustainable.1 As some varieties developed by using the new breeding techniques already exist and new ones are expected to follow shortly, it is imperative to determine whether or not plants engineered by means of these new techniques are subject to the Gene Technology Act. From a natural scientific point of view, there is no reason for a strict regulation of plants bred in this fashion.
EASAC Report 25 - European Space Exploration: Strategic Considerations of Human versus Robotic Exploration
  • 2014

European Space Exploration: Strategic Considerations of Human versus Robotic Exploration

La pertinence de la recherche spatiale européenne est soulignée dans un nouveau rapport de l’European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC).
Foresight Report Hydrological Research in Switzerland
  • 2013

Foresight Report Hydrological Research in Switzerland

This report is an element in the process to identify future research challenges
for hydrology in Switzerland. It has been accepted in the present
form by the Swiss Hydrological Commission (CHy).
CHy considers this report a suitable basis for the formulation of a
roadmap for next steps in the process.
Given the complexity of the topic, the diversity of approaches, the dynamics
of hydrological research, and the limited resources for the editing
of this report, CHy is aware that the content of the report may not be
complete and balanced in all details.
Planting the future: EASAC report
  • 2013

Planting the future: opportunities and challenges for using crop genetic improvement technologies for sustainable agriculture

In previous work, the European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC) described the opportunities and challenges in using plant genetic resources in improved breeding approaches, for example by using marker-assisted selection of desired traits. In the present report, EASAC explores some of the issues associated with the genetic modification of crops, where the EU has fallen behind in its adoption of the technology, compared with many other regions of the world.
Résumé: La biologie synthétique Du génie génétique à la biologie synthétique – nouvelles chances, nouveaux risques ?
  • 2010

La biologie synthétique

Résumé et conclusions d’un colloque de l’Académie suisse des sciences naturelles et de l’Académie suisse des sciences techniques, qui s’est tenu le 2 novembre 2010 à Berne
Illustrazione Teaser Portale Biologia di sintesi

Biologia di sintesi

La biologie synthétique a pour but de concevoir et développer des systèmes biologiques tels qu’ils n’existent pas dans la nature ou à reconstruire, en les modifiant, des systèmes existants. Elle constitue un secteur de recherche relativement nouveau qui se situe au carrefour de différentes disciplines dont la biologie moléculaire et l’ingénierie. La biologie synthétique a le potentiel d’apporter des solutions nouvelles à divers domaines tels que la médecine, la production d’énergie ou celle de denrées alimentaires. Le développement de cette technologie soulève néanmoins des questions relatives à l’éthique, aux risques et à la sécurité.
Illustrazione Teaser Portale Ingegneria genetica verde

Ingegneria genetica verde

Le „génie génétique vert“ englobe les techniques génétiques utilisées dans la sélection végétale depuis les années 1980. Dès le milieu des années 1990, des plantes génétiquement modifiées furent cultivées et commercialisées. Mais l’utilisation de cette technologie soulève de nombreuses questions: Ces plantes sont-elles sûres? Quels pourraient être leurs avantages? Quelles réglementations sont nécessaires? Ce portail thématique offre un aperçu sur les conclusions scientifiques et les questions ouvertes.