Publications

  • Pubblicazioni

Image to Koerner et al. 2016
  • 2016

A global inventory of mountains for bio-geographical applications

Christian Körner and co-authors provide a first version of a much needed inventory of the mountains of the world.
Download the full report: Mountains and Climate Change - A Global Concern
  • 2014

Mountains and Climate Change - A Global Concern

Mountains are among the regions most affected by climate change. The implications of climate change will reach far beyond mountain areas, as the contributions in the present publication prepared for the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 20) in Lima 2014 show.
Alpine Botany cover
  • 2014

A climate-based model to predict potential treeline position around the globe

The paper published in Alpine Botany describes the treeline model that was used for the GMBA mountain portal. This model allows for a robust estimation of potential treeline elevation based on climate data only and for the determination of the alpine area of all mountains worldwide.
Plant Ecology & Diversity - Mountain Biodiversity
  • 2012

Special issue in Plant Ecology & Diversity 2011 on "Mountain Biodiversity"

This special issue was edited by the GMBA office in Basel and offers a set of papers that were presented at the Second International Conference on Mountain Biodiversity. With this conference, the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment of DIVERSITAS celebrated its 10th anniversary, in the Alps in Chandolin, Switzerland in July 2010
Link to Spehn 2011 ICIMOD Newsletter
  • 2011

Effects of climate change and how to manage them

Mountain ecosystems are characterised by steep environmental gradients, including steep gradients of temperature and moisture. They are islands of high-elevation habitats, isolated by the surrounding lowlands. Changes in environmental conditions are especially threatening endemic species that occur in limited areas, such as on mountain peaks. Of these changes, shorter periods of snow cover below the tree line and changes in water availability may be more important drivers of change than temperature change itself. The likely losers from climate warming among plant species in the mountains are late successional species, species with small,restricted populations, and species confined to the summits or the plains; in comparison, ruderal species (weeds), species with large, widespread populations, and mid-slope species are likely to be winners.
Teaser image for Koerner et al 2011 publication
  • 2011

A definition of mountains and their bioclimatic belts for global comparisons of biodiversity data

First quantitative attempt at a global areal definition of ‘alpine’ and ‘montane’ terrain by combining geographical information systems for topography with bioclimatic criteria (temperature) subdividing the life zones along elevational gradients.
Data mining for global trends in mountain biodiversity cover
  • 2010

Data Mining for Global Trends in Mountain Biodiversity

Thanks to advances in electronic archiving of biodiversity data and the digitization of climate and other geophysical data, a new era in biogeography, functional ecology, and evolutionary ecology has begun. In Data Mining for Global Trends in Mountain Biodiversity, Christian Korner, Eva M. Spehn, and a team of experts from the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment of DIVERSITAS explore two of the hottest subjects in science and technology: biodiversity and data mining. They demonstrate how to harness the scientific power of biological databases for furthering ecological and evolutionary theory.

Electronic databases can open new pathways for testing evolutionary and ecological theory across the world’s mountain ranges. The new GMBA book examines global trends in mountain biodiversity using electronic biodiversity databases. GMBA experts provide examples of successful mining of geo-referenced data, methodological approaches, and comparisons of mountain regions on a continental scale.
Image for Koerner 2009 publication
  • 2009

Global Statistics of ‘‘Mountain’’ and ‘‘Alpine’’ Research

Using the Web of Science, a bibliometric analysis of the worldwide research activities associated with mountains — or the alpine part of mountains — is presented, according to country, institution, and subject. Half of the human population depends on mountains in one way or another, and mountains cover (depending on the definition) between 12 and 26% of the ice-free terrestrial area. About 20% of the human population lives in mountains or their immediate forelands. One third of all protected areas are in mountains, and they supply water to nearly one half of the world population (Körner and Ohsawa 2005). Which are the countries that are contributing most to scientific research in mountains? Which are the leading institutions? How much are various fields of science contributing to the international scientific mountain literature?
Image to Guisan et al. 2007 MRI Newsletter 8
  • 2007

Georeferenced Biological Databases – A tool for Understanding Mountain Biodiversity

Data-bases on biodiversity linked to geophysical data (e.g. altitude, temperature) are valuable tools for the analysis of biodiversity patterns. In cooperation with the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), the Global Mountain Biodiversity Assessment (GMBA) encourages a global effort to mine georeferenced archive databases on mountain organisms. The EUROMONT initiative is one example of such a data analysis. It assesses climate threat to alpine plant diversity and focuses on European mountain ranges.