• 2020
  • Foglio informativo
  • KFPE
  • Forum Biodiversità Svizzera

Variety is the source of life

Agrobiodiversity benefits, challenges, and needs

Variety is the source of life: Agrobiodiversity benefits, challenges, and needs
Immagine: KFPE
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Variety is the source of life: Agrobiodiversity benefits, challenges, and needs
Variety is the source of life: Agrobiodiversity benefits, challenges, and needs (Immagine: KFPE)

For millennia, humankind’s food security and resilience were ensured by thousands of cultivated plant species, dozens of domesticated animal species, and the wider biodiversity from which they derive. But with the expansion of industrial agriculture and globalized standardized food systems, this long-running agricultural biodiversity has fallen steeply. Today, just three plant species account for half of all plant-based food calories, and only four animal species account for the vast majority of meat supplies. Looking ahead, restoring agrobiodiversity – the richness of what we cultivate, breed, consume, and conserve in the wild – is crucial to ensure resilient food systems against the backdrop of climate change. In particular, we must safeguard the livelihoods of the “guardians of agrobiodiversity”: approximately 500 million small farms across the world – particularly those in the global South. This factsheet outlines causes and consequences of agrobiodiversity loss, areas of promise, and options for policy and research.

  • Associazioni

Offering thanks to Pachamama: harvest festival in Colcha “K” community, Nor Lípez, Bolivia
  • 20.02.2020
  • KFPE
  • Forum Biodiversità Svizzera
  • Comunicato stampa

La chute de l’agrobiodiversité met en danger la sécurité alimentaire

Ces dernières décennies, l’agrobiodiversité s’est effondrée de manière dramatique : des 7,000 espèces de plantes autrefois cultivées, seules 80 espèces apportent encore une contribution majeure à l’alimentation mondiale actuelle. Il est donc crucial de la restaurer en tant que pilier de la sécurité alimentaire. Une nouvelle fiche d’information de l’Académie suisse des sciences naturelles (SCNAT) compilée de concert avec une équipe de chercheurs du Centre for Development and Environment (CDE) de l'Université de Berne, décrit ce phénomène de déclin et ses conséquences, tout en proposant des pistes à suivre en matière de politique et de recherche.
Editore

KFPE

Editore

Forum Biodiversità Svizzera

Contatto

Dr. Jon-Andri Lys
SCNAT
KFPE
Casa delle Accademie
Casella postale
3001 Berna


+41 31 306 93 49
E-mail

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Inglese, Tedesco, Francese